Carboxytherapy is a medical procedure that is based on injecting carbon dioxide into the subcutaneous tissue. This signals the body that the tissue is lacking oxygen. Oxygen deficit causes increased blood flow to the tissue, neovascularization, accumulation of growth factors.
These processes create new collagen over 2 or more months. t is known that after the age of 40, the oxygenation of peripheral tissue (skin) decreases by as much as 40%. Carboxytherapy reduces this natural process and restores collagen and elastin to the skin.


How long has carboxytherapy been used?

As early as 1930, carbon dioxide was injected into swimming pools for diabetics in order to treat damaged microcirculation. 1950. the application began by injection directly into the tissue where a venous or other wound had formed, in order for the tissue to heal faster.
It was noticed that the skin on the treated area becomes of better quality, hence carboxytherapy is introduced into aesthetic medicine.

How does carboxytherapy work?

By injecting purified medical carbon dioxide into the subcutaneous tissue, an alkaline environment is created that enables expansion of blood vessels, increase in local temperature by 1 degree and accumulation of growth factors. At the same time, oxidation of fat cells occurs, due to which the use of larger volumes of gas can lead to melting of surface fat cells and reduction of cellulite.

Carboxytherapy – what are the indications, what is it for?

* Lifting the sagging facial skin which is caused by weakening of collagen and elastin
* Lifting the skin of the abdomen and upper arms, especially after pregnancy or weight loss
* Dark under-eye rings. Dark under-eye rings are a big problem for dark-complexioned individuals due to the increased accumulation of pigment, as well as for fair-complexioned individuals due to poor circulation and thinning of the skin. They are very often hereditary and extremely hyperpigmented.
* Carboxytherapy significantly stimulates the circulation and lymphatic drainage of the treated area and lightens the skin after only 2 to 3 treatments.
* Combining carboxytherapy and peel or carboxytherapy and laser may lighten the under-eye skin by up to 60%.
* Injecting a larger amount of carbon dioxide and applying higher pressure breaks down fat cells and remodels cellulite.
* Stimulation of hair growth, venous ulcerations, keloid scars.

What are the contraindications – when should carboxytherapy treatment not be performed?

Carboxytherapy should not be performed in severe heart disease, acute embolism, infectious diseases, untreated high blood pressure, breastfeeding, pregnancy.

Are there any side effects of carboxytherapy?

Carbon dioxide is a gas that is produced in our lungs and it is therefore not harmful to our body.
A few minutes after the therapy, it is transmitted through the blood to the lungs and we completely expel it from the body.
Allergic reactions are not possible. Redness that appears in the treated area is desirable and transient within half an hour of treatment. Bruising at the gas injection site is possible. No pain is felt during the treatment of the face, neck and smaller areas.
In the treatment of cellulite, a larger amount of gas is injected under higher pressure, so the treatment itself is unpleasant.

How is carboxytherapy treatment performed?

A thin needle is inserted under the skin and a certain amount of gas is applied. The skin rises visibly under the influence of gas. It takes a few minutes for the gas to be resorbed, after which a slight redness and increased skin temperature develop. Tissue oxygenation lasts up to 7 days following the treatment, after which the treatment is repeated. Depending on the issue being treated, 6 to 8treatments are required.
Once the goal is reached, maintenance is required on a monthly or bi-monthly basis.

Svetlana Đurišić specijalista dermatovenerologije

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