There is no other more successful method in medicine for tissue regeneration and healing, than blood plasma enriched with platelets. This type of blood plasma contains many growth factors and bioactive proteins, which enable hair regeneration and renewal. That is why PRP treatment is extremely important in the hair loss treatment.
After numerous studies on the effectiveness of the blood plasma method in stimulating hair follicles, it has been proven that this is one of the few treatments that have shown success in restoring lost hair. It is especially successful in people who have genetically conditioned androgenic alopecia, autoimmune alopecia areata or scarring (cicatricial) alopecia. In these cases, hair loss and thinning also represent a major therapeutic problem.
After PRP treatment, thinned and miniaturized hair becomes thicker, and in people who have had thinned hair, it becomes visibly thicker. The influence of growth factors and cytokines, released during PRP therapy, is visible 2 months after the first treatment. They stimulate existing hair follicles to grow, help create new blood vessels and regenerate the scalp tissue.
So far, no side effects have been reported. And what is important is that it can be combined with all other therapies in the treatment of alopecia.
How is PRP obtained?
Platelet-rich plasma is obtained from the patient’s own blood. When a small amount of blood is drawn, the centrifugation is performed to separate plasma with high concentration of platelets from the other blood cells.
After separation, the blood plasma is injected with numerous, miniature needles into the skin of the scalp. Patient almost does not feel a pain or discomfort, because local anaesthesia was given before the treatment. There are no side effects, and a slight redness disappears within 24 hours of the intervention.
PRP method in scarring alopecia
Lichen planopilaris, folliculitis and discoid lupus – are conditions caused by various inflammatory reactions on the scalp. Inflammation destroys hair follicles, and the end result is hair loss in the parts affected by this condition. The PRP method, in such situations, can stimulate hair regrowth, only if the stem cells in the hair follicle and sebaceous glands are not destroyed. In addition to solving this aesthetic problem, the PRP method is quite successful in controlling inflammation and disease progression.
In order to use the PRP method, classical therapies, such as corticosteroids and antibiotics, must first be performed. In case of PRP, it is necessary to perform three to four treatments, one to two months apart.
If scarring alopecia destroys all stem cells that can give new hair, hair loss is permanent, and PRP therapy will not give results.
PRP methods – alopecia areata
Plasma therapy can also be performed in those patients who have had hairless patches several times, and therapy with corticosteroids and minoxidil did not give satisfactory results. In these patients, in order to achieve visible result, it is necessary to perform 3 to 4 treatments, 1 to 2 months apart. After this therapy, the number of hairs on hairless patches increases significantly.
When PRP treatment is used, new patches with hair loss appear more rarely, considering that the course of alopecia areata is completely unpredictable. The worst results are observed in universal alopecia – total loss of all body hair.
PRP treatment can also be used on the eyebrows, if this part of the body is also affected by the disease.
Use of blood plasma in women with androgenic alopecia
When it comes to androgenic alopecia in women, PRP treatment have shown good results in more than 80 percent of cases. The PRP method is used in diffuse hair thinning on the crown of the head. It is encouraging that it shows good results in all stages of the disease.
After the application of blood plasma, the hair becomes thicker, the thinning of the hair is visibly reduced, the hair fall out and the miniaturization stop.
In order for this method to have any effect, it is necessary to perform 2 to 3 treatments, 4 months apart. The whole procedure should be repeated in a year, because that is how long its effect lasts.
PRP therapy is successful in men with androgenic alopecia
When men start to lose hair, especially in the forehead-temple areas or on the crown of the head, it is ideal to perform PRP treatment. The sooner you start with the treatment, the more visible the results will be. When hair loss occurs on large areas, starting from the crown going all way to the forehead region, the results can be quite poor. Plasma treatment can restore the density in the treated region up to 20 to 40%. What is especially important is the fact that this treatment can stop further hair fall out.
Hair transplantation and PRP method
PRP therapy, after a hair transplant, helps wound healing, but it is also successful in maintaining transplanted hair follicles.