Seborrheic dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease affecting the areas where there are a lot of oil-producing (sebaceous) glands, like the scalp, chin, eyebrows, nose, back. It affects more often men than women, and it was observed that the condition worsens when the organism is exhausted, so it can be an indicator of mood and stress. Also, it gets worse in autumn.

What causes seborrheic dermatitis?

The aetiology of this disease is still not clear. It is considered that a genetic factor plays an important role, because the disease occurs more often among family members. Also, the fungus Pityrosporum ovale, that is naturally found on the skin, can contribute to this condition.
The role of sebaceous secretion is important, although hyperseborrhea is not always found.

Clinical picture

Redness and dandruff are the main symptoms of seborrheic dermatitis, which are rarely accompanied by itching.
Primarily, the scalp, eyebrows, forehead, nasolabial folds, earlobes are affected. Pimples can also appear in the area of the breastbone and between the shoulder blades. It can also affect skin folds, causing the skin surface to be red and shiny.
Men in their 30s and 40s are most often affected. But, it can also appear in babies in the first three months of life.

seborrheic dermatitis on the forehead
seborrheic dermatitis on the forehead

Treatment

We should have in mind that seborrheic dermatitis is a condition, so it is often not possible to cure it completely. However, it can be successfully kept under control.
Antifungals and anti-inflammatory drugs are used in the treatment, as well as immunomodulators, less often corticosteroids. If necessary, the therapy can be repeated. Also, in the dormant phases of the disease, it is desirable to use medical cosmetics intended for skin prone to seborrheic dermatitis.
Controlled sun exposure can be beneficial in seborrheic dermatitis treatment, and can lead to its regression.


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