Melasma is a skin pigmentation disorder that can cause irregular dark patches on the facial skin.
It is more common in women, especially in those darker-skinned. The exact mechanism of melasma formation is unknown, but it is triggered by UV radiation and hormonal disorders.
The exact mechanism of melasma formation is unknown, but it is triggered by UV radiation and hormonal disorders. The latest research suggests that there may be an important vascular component to melasma pathogenesis. Enhanced vascularisation and the formation of inflammatory cells stimulate melanocytes to produce excess melanin and transfer it to the skin cells, forming dark brown spots.
Vbeam laser is the gold standard for the treatment of all vascular lesions. The laser emits light with a wavelength of 595nm that closes the dilated blood vessels. The cooling system prevents skin heating and the formation of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. The combination of Vbeam laser and cream with a triple combination of hydroquinone, retinoids and corticosteroids applied after the treatment, shows excellent results in melasma treatment.
What does the Vbeam laser treatment look like?
Melasma treatment with Vbeam laser is simple and safe. Brown spots and dilated capillaries that are observed with a dermoscope are treated with a laser in two passages.
During treatment, a slight burning sensation is felt, and the skin is red for a few days after the treatment.
Mild swellings are also possible during 2 days but they recede after applying ice compresses.
How many treatments are needed?
It is advised to do 3 treatments one month apart. Between treatments, creams are applied to the lesions once a day, in the evening, having an anti-inflammatory effect and fading the spots.
A sun protection needs to be applied every 2h with SPF 50+, protection against UVA, UVB and visible light. It is best to use tinted creams with SPF 50+ a, since they protect the skin from visible light.