Microdermabrasion is a non-invasive and gentle technique of removing the top layer of the skin known as stratum corneum. Microdermabrasion is one of the basic procedures for improving skin texture. The first microdermabrasion was applied in Italy back in 1985 and it has been applied worldwide since.
There are two basic modes of operation. The first uses micro-crystals of aluminium oxide and the second uses diamond heads of different size. The degree of microdermabrasion is determined by the size of the diamond probe, the speed and number of transitions across the treated skin surface.
Is microdermabrasion successful?
Histopathological analysis of the skin samples showed that after six treatments, changes occur not only in the top most layer of the skin, but in all levels and in all structures of the treated skin. The change in the thickness of the skin is most visible on the surface of the skin – the epidermis. After six treatments where the same region was treated three times, the thickness of epidermis increased from 0.01 mm to 0.06 mm. Pigment cells become uniform in size and number. In dermis layer of the skin, blood vessels make a widespread network, allowing for better oxygenation of the skin and increased number of collagen fibres. After the treatment, the collagen fibres became firmer, denser and horizontally oriented. More than six treatments also increases the number of elastic fibres.
Is microdermabrasion only used for the face?
Microdermabrasion can be applied by changing the size and density of the crystals during treatment for the regions of the face, neck, back, elbows, thighs. The most important thing is that the treatment is performed or supervised by a trained dermatologist.
When microdermabrasion should not be performed?
Microdermabrasion is not recommended when the patient suffers from rosacea, herpes, telangiectasia or dilated capillaries, bacterial skin infections, flat warts or when the patient is using Isotretinoin (Roaccutane).
The biggest advantage of microdermabrasion is the recovery time – patients can return to their daily activities immediately after treatment. Microdermabrasion is a completely painless procedure and the results are visible immediately after the treatment.
Microdermabrasion – the disadvantages?
Microdermabrasion has limits to what it can treat. It won’t improve deep wrinkles, big deep scars, or deep hyperpigmentation.
Microdermabrasion – Complications
Possible complications after treatment include: short-term redness, bruising in places where the vacuum pulls the skin harder (very small and they resolve in two days) and hyperpigmentation after treatment – only if very aggressive microdermabrasion is applied in Fitzpatrick skin type IV and V. References: